In the name of Allah the Granter of Knowledge, the Giver of Wisdom
Alhamdulillah, praise and gratitude be to Allah, the Producer, the Omniscient, the Creator who created the magnificent intellect and endowed it to human thus elevates him to the highest position in the hierarchy of creations given that he purifies his intellect through contemplation and guidance from Allah. Allah alone has the right to the highest praise for only through HIS will I discovered that the experiences I have gained on this journey are nothing but indications of HIS Superiority and all of HIS Greatness which I cannot express through language except what HE has taught me. Thank Allah for choosing me to be closer to HIM through constant pleading and begging for guidance to finish this humble study. Thank Allah for giving me understanding and knowledge through contemplation.
EXCERPT FROM MY THOUGHT
With strong foundation of thought, the companions were able to make their own intellectual judgment regarding religious understanding and practices which sometimes resulted in differences of opinions among the companions which was allowed by the Prophet. For example, the following hadiths illustrate that differences of opinions were approved by the Prophet.
When the prophet return from the battle of al-Ahzab, he said to us, “No one is to offer the ‘Asr prayer but at Bani Quraizah.” To some of us the ‘Asr prayer was due on the way. Some of us decided not to pray but at Bani Quraizah while some others decided to pray on the spot and said that the intention of the Prophet was not what the former had understood. And when that was told to the Prophet he did not blame anyone of them (al-Bukhari, al-jami’ al-sahih, vol. 2, ed. 1984: 34).
Ibnu Mas’ud said, “I heard a person reciting a Qur’anic verse in a certain way, and I heard the Prophet reciting the same verse in a different way. So I took him to the Prophet and informed him of that but I noticed the sign of disapproval on his face, and then he said, “Both of you are correct, so don’t differ, for the nations before you differed, so they were destroyed” (al-Bukhari, al-jami’ al-sahih, vol. 4, ed. 1984: 453-454).
The companions also used to interpret the Qur’an allegorically such as Ibnu Abbas’ interpretation of surah an-Nasr as an indication of the death of Prophet Muhammad (al-Bukhari, al-jami’ al-sahih, vol. 4, ed. 1984: 528). These precedents had given the earlier Muslims a sense of confidence in engaging in philosophical debates to solve theoretical and practical problems of their time especially after they had encountered with different cultures as the Islamic empire widened.
MAY ALLAH GRANT US ALL KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM...MAY ALLAH GRANT MY CHILDREN SAIF, NUS, QARAFI, RUMAISA, IZZAH AND IZAD UNDERSTANDING IN RELIGION AND MAY ALLAH PERFECTED THEIR MORAL CHARACTER JUST LIKE HE HAS PERFECTED THEIR PHYSICAL APPEARANCE...AMIN YA RABB AL-'ALAMIN